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ҪͶ뻹Ҫ:Ӱйط

ʱ䣺2019-02-10

ҪͶ뻹Ҫ:Ӱйط

ĸ↑ҹʮ10%ϵΪchng wi硼sh jiչʷϵһ漣ĸ↑30ijҪͶģΪҪmainmuch޹ͶǸģʽǰǸԭ򣨲?p2013ǡButͶͶ롢ʱγɡcausedxng chngʱϢǾҪzhng yoأҪضԾĹšsu zheҹ÷չ׶βͬӦı仯šsu zhe˿ȴͳƵIJϼʾĶ仯ر2012йչ롰³̬ͳͶѺͳڡch kuģʽѾy jingΪ̣ʱٶ½˿ʧ͡ѧЧӦӰ˾ٶȣйǰؿ飬2014й÷չٻںͽṹڣµľҪµľƣijԡЭԺƽؽǿ

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Ӱ쾭ĶطǽֽΪͶʱȲͬع׵IJ̡ҹҪmainҪͶ롢ҪƶȱǨȫҪʵ4չо

ҪͶҪָͶʱʩȾģʹõӰ쾭ءmuchСallھӰصж漰صҪͶָ꡼zh bioйľҪ֡performanceΪɴʱԴԭԼͶͶƶйľͶϵ͵ģʯڣ1994硼sh ji1998ƣʱԡ k y37%Ͷ߿ԡ k y17%ͶתƿԽԼ16%ǡBut2050ѧǾѾy jingʱͶҪزȫwn qunĽ;

ҪҪָҪͶӦĽͬʵҪΪͬˮƽҪصͶ룬bo kuʱϢˮƽȴϺӰءڼ棬ҪͨоͼǶоԾӰ졣С³ȣ2009ͨ¶ȫʵӰжϼ¶ԾʽתӰ졣ʱ棬ʱĺһͨС³ȣ2004µȣ2005оΪڴٽСзҪzhng yoá

ƶȱǨҪָͶضԾӰ죬bo kuСchng shг⿪ŶȵӰءЩӰزǴֱͶӰ쾭ͨƶϵıı仯ٵȣ2011Ϊ1997ꡫ2007꣬г̶ԾĹ״ﵽ1.45ٷֵ㣬һʱȫҪʵ39.2%г׵ġСchng shŸҪмУٽʵʱʱĿٻۣγɡcausedxng chng˾Ķڡch kuҹеҪ⿪ʹҹܹӱȽƣٽתƣӶʡ

ȫҪֵָͨõܹ۲쵽Сallһ˵ԴŻúͼܴȫҪʵҪصͶһ㲻ȫҪʵߡ磬ʱгĸܹȫҪʡchowli20021978ԺtfpԼaboutÿ3.0%ٶйĹΪ32%bosworthcollins20082090tfpԾĹ׷ݶߴ54.7%

ҪͶҪĻ

Ḷ́ӱ˵ȡأһҪͶӣҪصЧߣҪͶ֮q toccasionally occurred仯ʹߵءǰ߿ԸΪҪͶ룬ָҪҪͶָҪͶ롰ӡͶʽصԴͶڴ;ҪָҪءʵʱϢ֪ʶڴࡣ;УҪͶӿֱӲٽ;ҪͨҪӲٽ2016

ǣҪͶ벢ȫwn qunľģеֵͶʱܽ͵ľ֡ͶʱҪԶԶھķȣҡbutͬˮƽͶʱ£ͬһ֡performanceȫһľˮƽzh yngͶʱƷʾ𽥽뵽;ķΧУͬͶʱƷܹȵ߾ȿ԰ʱҲʱۻļϢˮƽơʱҲԿͶϢˮƽҲʻʱ

?ľ?ִ״¿ԷΪ¹ŵ侭ۡakۺr&dۣ¹ŵ侭Уı仯ˮƽЧӦûЧӦۣak͵Ļr&d͵ģı仯ЧӦԪ飬20022080ڳ֡ThereۣΪϵͳͻƴͳʱͶҪҪͶΪоܡҪͶҪرݼҪټḶ́ôͻᵼ¾ٶȵķŻҪʱڵıֽϸߵľٶȣҪͶDzܡk nngʵֵġֻҪıܡk nngߣͬҪܹʵָˮƽľ羭иʺ˾ˮƽԽԽҪڡyu y֪ʶʱ۴ھ޴졣ͬʱҪܹȫҪʵĸı䡣

ǾĶҡbutܹӰ쾭ķʽͨȫҪˮƽǣҲһܹӰ쾭Ӽ»Ľм仹ࡼx duٲȷԣ᡼j huiɱchng bn·ҪصӰ죨δȣ2014

ʱһҾóĻءʱԾٽãʱ֪ͨʶӰ켼£ȫҪʡ͸߼ܴٽΪҪֱӴٽղ߼ͨӿ켼ģ¡imitateٶȫҪʡ

ϢҵϢԾԽԽԡϢıŴͳṹʽܹҵṹʹܹʵִͳҵϢŻͶʽʹãЧʣٽ

ĸ↑йҪͶҪʵ֤

ݿɻԣѡ1985ꡫ2014ҹ30ʡֱϽУԽϵͣIJ迼ǣľԴȪзӰ쾭ؿԷΪ3࣬һͶʱҪͶأڶǼʱϢˮƽҪأdzʡгˮƽͶ⿪Ŷȣƶȱˡ yn cڻعģУΪgdpԱͶlabʱinvtecʱhcϢˮƽinfʣurbanгˮƽmarket⿪Ŷȣopennessѣeleloanfreightָ꡼zh bioͶʱc-dģӰ쾭ҪأҪͶʵӰءΪ˺ҪͶҪ֮IJ죬˼ʱϢˮƽΪ˽ji juͶʱָgdp⡼wn t롰ǿָеõͻ3ָꡣͬʱʡгָ⿪Ŷ3Ʊticket

Ҫ˵ѭѵһֽѵʽʲ⣬ͬʱȱ
ˮǬиءþơпͭ׵ӪأڿʣԼʳsh wάĺ
ũίÿԽڴ󶹽л⣬޼δ׼ĻƷϵ
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λSakimi chanôӰߵ֮ĺ˵ഺӰߣ
ظծգ轨ظҪǿƵţǺ
ҪгũܹԿɳܵļ۸ji gѡͬƷԼũҩ

ӱ1ĻعԿͶ͹̶ʲͶÿ1ٷֵ㣬ֱҪ0.4510.159ٷֵ㣬ʱϢˮƽÿ1ٷֵ㣬ֱ-0.007 67ٷֵ㡢0.120ٷֵ㡢0.072 9ٷֵ㡣ˡ yn cҹҪȻͶͶΪԾӰ첢ԣʱϢˮƽȻǾĶDzͶͶʵӰԡ

ǵ1985ꡫ2014곤30ڼڣҹ÷չ˶׶Σйʾ𲽽ӹ죬ʾòйõӰԽԽر2001wto2008Σҹ÷չϴˣĽ1985ķչ׶ηΪ2001꼰֮ǰ20012008ʱΣֱعӰ쾭Ҫء

ӱ2Կ׶Ӱ쾭ر仯ϴ󣬴2001ǰȽͶӰ½ͶʡʱϢˮƽӰضӰ쾭𽥴ҪͶҪת䡣2008ҪͶӰ쾭ij̶ڲ½ҪӰرʱӰǿǣ2001ϢˮƽӰ½ƶȱУлĺгȻϴ󣬶⿪ŶȵԽΪȶҪͶھȻռнΪҪӰ죬ҪҪҲڲϼӴƶȱһֱҪλálocates2008ľΣҪͶҪӣҪӰ½

ͬʱҹ֮侭÷չȻϴӰؾҪشһ졣ͨҹΪ4q y

ӱ3ԿӰҪظͬͶϢˮƽȻڸ֮䶼нΪӰ졣ҪӰͶͶʡϢˮƽвΪͶˮƽϢˮƽ5Ӱأq t4ӰءҪͶȻвͶҪӰءƶȱУлвҪӰ죬ԶһĸӰ죬ԶӰ첢ȷгˮƽԶвӰϴ󣬶⿪ŶڶнΪԵӰ졣ľȻҪͶΪ뾭÷չˮƽأҪԾӰҪƶȱвͶȻнϴӰ졣 ġ ƽҪٽĸ

ҪͶҪҪ档ǰͨҪصͶӰ쾭ҪͨȫҪӰ쾭ҪͶҪ¹ŵ侭µľģͣakr&dУʱϢˮƽھ۵УʵĽҪ¹ŵ侭ۡ

󲿷׷ҹҪӰһֱҪͶΪͨҪӰȫҪʶòԣڲͬĽ׶нϴIJԡͨо֣1985ӰҹҪͶͶΪҪھеޣʱнΪԵӰ졣ƶھеҲΪԡʱ2001wto֮ǰҪͶԾӰΪԣ2001ԺҪͶԾӰҪҪԲϼǿ2008ΣҪͶԾӰֽһǿֵвͶҪͶԾȻΪԣҪԾӰҲҪǿڶƶ4??֮ӰϴˣҪӦáyng giҪҪƶ֣һҪһӴϢеӦǿºͼƽͼӦ;ҪһвͶгͶ⿪ŶȽ̣Ҫƶ֣ƽӰԴŻõƿ;ҪһӿͶͶʵҪĶתҪͨҪȫҪ

ҪͶ뻹Ҫ:Ӱйط

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